Refractive Surgery: Frequently Asked Questions

What is the recommended age to undergo laser refractive surgery (PRK and LASIK)?
Eighteen years for those who are hypermetropic. On the other hand, short-sighted people must wait for the defect to stabilize (over 1 year without the need to change the prescription of glasses). In some special cases, the treatment can be performed before stabilization, but a long-term “retouching” may be necessary.
If there are no problems related to eye health, surgery can be performed even after the age of 55. If there is an opacification of the lens, it is recommended to correct the defect by replacing it.

Is it possible to do laser surgery during summer?
Yes, of course. LASIK allows normal exposure to the sun as early as the following day, without particular attention. The PRK method, on the other hand, requires protection from ultraviolet rays in order to not compromise the newly found ability to see more clearly. In these cases, it is advisable to be exposed to the sun about a month after surgery.

After implanting an artificial lens or phakic intraocular lens, can nuclear magnetic resonance be performed?
Yes. Modern crystals are made of non-ferromagnetic plastic, which does not interact with magnetic fields.

After having undergone laser surgery, can you also be operated on your cataracts when you are older?
Of course, yes. Cataract is the natural opacification of the crystalline lens that occurs mainly with the advancement of age or for other reasons. The intervention in replacing the crystalline lens with an artificial one has no relationship with the laser intervention performed on the cornea.

After undergoing LASIK or PRK surgery, can I wear colored contact lenses, do sports, travel by plane or go underwater?
Yes to all questions.

Can natural childbirth be performed after refractive surgery? Can you breastfeed?
Absolutely yes. Pregnancy, natural childbirth and breastfeeding do not worsen myopia (which is related to only the length of the eyeball) and do not affect the patient’s ability to see in long or short distances.

What happens if, some time after a refractive surgery, part of the initial defect returns?
This is a very rare condition but can still be easily remedied. If it is a laser intervention, it is possible to perform a “retouching” with the same initial technique. If the intervention is with intraocular lenses, instead of replacing the lens, a laser retouch can be performed. In any case, one may re-use contact lenses.

After the refractive surgery, how can it affect my driving license?
The B license without lenses requires a total (right eye + left eye) of 7/10, with at least 2/10 in the worse eye (Decree of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport of 30 November 2010, published in the Official Journal No. 301 of December 27, 2010, effective January 11, 2011).

If the license expires, the driver must go to a licensed doctor. In the communication (Annex 2 to Circular No. B 5664 / 60D3) filled in by the physician and sent by the latter to the UCO, the wording “lens obligation” will no longer be indicated and therefore the validity confirmation slip sent to the driver and to be affixed to the document, will no longer contain the term “lens obligation”, thus automatically canceling any prescription already mentioned previously on the driving license and starting from the date of the medical assessment until the next expiry.

If the license is not expiring, the driver who undergoes a medical examination to eliminate the prescription “lens obligation” from the driving license must always go to an authorized doctor (military doctor, ASL, driving school, motorization), following a procedure similar to that of validity confirmation. The renewal slip sent by the UCO and the license will not include the wording “lens obligation”, canceling the previous prescription and simultaneously confirming the license for the period of validity provided by Article 126 of the Highway Code (Legislative Decree 30 April 1992, n. 285), as in the case of normal renewal. Alternatively, it can request a duplicate license to the motorization.

The driver can drive vehicles waiting to receive the slip from the UCO, taking with him the driving document and a copy of the medical certificate which no longer prescribes the obligation to drive with lenses.

Is there a laser that gives the “super view”?
The news of the existence of a “space” laser (in reality, the femtosecond laser) often appears on the media, that is said to be used on astronauts to allow them to have a perfect view. In reality, it is information for advertising purposes only.