Allergic Conjunctivitis

Video Transcription:

Allergic conjunctivitis is a disorder that patients, especially those who already have atopy and allergy problems in general, experience in spring and summer and sometimes also in autumn, depending on the allergen that triggers them.

It is a very frequent disorder, which occurs especially when flowers bloom, when pollen begins to be in the air but I repeat that it can also occur in June, July and in some patients even in September, depending on the allergen that stimulates this reaction.

It is an IgE-mediated reaction, therefore the patient confuses it with conjunctivitis because the eye is red, emits a whitish and sometimes yellowish secretion but in reality it is not a conjunctivitis of a bacterial or viral nature, but of an allergic conjunctivopathy, which must therefore be treated with antihistamines and eye drops.

Of course the answer is discreet (ranging from a mild response to a mediocre response with this type of therapy). The best answer is with the use of steroids, therefore of cortisone eye drops, which however have a whole series of side effects and should not be self-administered. The cortisone antibiotic eye drops that you have at home, which you have in the refrigerator because you inherited it from your grandmother or from the cat who had conjunctivitis, should not be self-administered because, in fact, it has side effects.

The first side effect of cortisone eye drops is ocular hypertonia, i.e. the increase in eye pressure, especially in predisposed patients but you still cannot know if you are predisposed to having an ocular hypertonicity from the use of cortisone eye drops, so do not abuse it. The other medium to long term effect of the abuse of cortisone antibiotic eye drops is cataract, therefore there already exists a type of cataract that is typically favored by a certain type of eye drops, which is precisely the cortisone one.

However, cortisone eye drops greatly relieve the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis, so it is possible that your eye doctor, together with antihistamine, will give you cortisone eye drops especially to demonstrate the effectiveness of his professionalism and his healing abilities.

Be careful not to self-administer it for a long time.